Rail India Technical and Economic Services Ltd
The Rail India Technical Economic Services Ltd (RITES), a Government of India
Undertaking, provides consultancy services on all aspects of the Railways from
concept to completion. RITES is closely linked with Indian Railways and is in a
privileged position to draw freely upon the huge pool of experience, expertise, and
technical know-how acquired over a century of operations for Indian Railways.
RITES is a multidisciplinary, ISO 9001: 2000 certified consultancy organization
in the field of transportation infrastructure and related technologies. It is a Mini
Ratna Company and provides consultancy services from concept to commissioning
in the fields of railways, urban transport, urban development and urban engineering,
roads and highways, airports, ropeways, inland waterways, ports and harbours,
information technology, and export packages of rolling stock and railway-related
equipment. Its diversified device packages include among others, feasibility, design
and detailed engineering, multimodal transport studies, project management and
construction supervision, quality assurance and management, materials
management, workshop management, operations and maintenance, system
engineering, economic and financial evolution, financing plan and privatization,
property development, railway electrification, signalling and telecommunication,
environment impact assessment, and training and human resources development.
RITES had a total turnover of 2850 million in 2003–04 and earned a before-tax
profit of Rs 820 million.
Indian Railways Construction Company Ltd
IRCON International Ltd, a public sector undertaking under the Ministry of
Railways, was incorporated in 1976 as an Indian Railway construction company,
as a specialized agency to undertake major railways projects both in India and
abroad. This organization was set up with a view to channelize the export of
construction services, technological know-how, and special skills gained by Indian
Railways in the last 150 years. IRCON is in the ideal position to undertake the
entire spectrum of construction activities concerning the various railway
disciplines—civil, mechanical, electrical, signalling, telecommunications, etc.
From being an exclusive railway construction company, IRCON diversified its
activities in 1985 to other sectors such as roads, highways, expressways, road
bridges, flyovers, cable stayed bridges, mass rapid transit systems, buildings,
industrial and residential complexes, airports, and hangers. In 1993, IRCON
included BOT (build, operate, and transfer), BOOT (build, operate, own, and
transfer), BLT (build, lease, and transfer) projects, business relating to leasing,
real estate, etc., and in 1997, business relating to commercial operations of air
transport was included and extended. In order to provide a full range of telecom
and IT services in India and abroad, telecommunication was added in 1999.
Presently, IRCON is listed 128th amongst the top 225 international construction
contractors, and is amongst the top ten in Engineering News-Record mass transit
and rail rankings (published by McGraw-Hill).
IRCON is an ISO 9002 certified construction company and has completed
projects in Algeria, Angola, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Iraq, Jordan, Italy, Lebanon,
Malaysia, Nepal, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tanzania, Turkey, United Kingdom,
During the year 2003–04 IRCON had a total turnover of Rs 7920 million, with
a net profit of Rs 620 million and net foreign exchange earnings of Rs 1140 million.
Indian Railway Finance Corporation
IRFC was incorporated as a public limited company in December 1986 with the
sole objective of raising funds for the railways from the market based on the
requirement of the Ministry of Railways to partly finance the plan outlay and meet
the developmental needs of IR.
IRFC has successfully met its targets year after year. It raises funds through by
issuing taxable and tax-free bonds, through term loans from banks/financial
institutions, and through external commercial borrowings/export credit.
Since its inception, IRFC has consistently earned profits and has already paid
Rs 6980 million (including an interim dividend of Rs 650 million for the fiscal year
2003–04) as dividend to the Government on the paid-up capital of Rs 2320 million.
Container Corporation of India Ltd
Container Corporation of India Ltd (CONCOR) was incorporated in March 1988
under the Companies Act 1956 as a public sector enterprise under the Ministry of
Railways. It was set up to promote, provide for, and manage multimodal transport
in the country with the prime objective to support the country’s growing international
trade as well as for the transport of domestic cargo in containers by adopting the
latest technology and practices. The company commenced operations in November
The corporation was set up with an authorized capital of Rs 1000 million. The
paid-up capital of the company is Rs 650 million. The Government of India has
gradually divested its equity holding in the company through three divestment
exercises in 1994–95, 1995–96, and 1998–99. Currently the Government holds
63% equity in the company and the remaining 37% is held by financial institutions
CONCOR has evolved a strategy to transform the company from an operational
entity into a market-driven organization in order to ensure its leadership in the
multimodal market. The four specific areas identified under this strategy are total
logistics solutions, cold chain, coastal shipping, and extension of intermodal services
to neighbouring countries.
As a terminal and warehouse operator, CONCOR has created a network of 51
container terminals across the country. Except the few terminals which are
exclusively road-fed inland container depots (ICDs), the majority of the terminals
on its network are linked by rail.
CONCOR’s custom bonded ICDs are dry ports in hinterland and serve the
purpose of bringing all port facilities, including customs clearance, to the customers’
doorstep. Its terminals provide a spectrum of facilities in terms of warehousing,
container parking, repair facilities, and even office complexes. CONCOR had a total
income of Rs 18,070 million in 2003–04, with a net profit of about Rs 3680 million
Konkan Railway Corporation Ltd
Konkan Railways is the first railway project in the country to be executed on the
BOT principle. The company was formed with the participation of four states,
namely, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, and Kerala, along with the Ministry of
Railways with Rs 8000 million as equity and Rs 27,500 million raised in bonds,
funding the total cost of the project of Rs 35,500 million. Construction work began
in 1990 and the whole 760-km line was completed in 1998 and dedicated to the
nation on 1 May 1998. At present there are 13 pairs of express trains and 5 pairs of
passenger trains running over the Konkan Railway route. These have reduced the
distance and travel time to Southern India.
Some of the technologies used by Konkan Railway Corporation Ltd (KRCL)
are listed here.
(a) The innovative roll-on–roll-off scheme has enabled the transport of more
than 50,000 trucks in 5 years.
(b) The various special safety measures adopted by KR on its route are installation
of inclinometers in soil cuttings for pre-warning about the collapse of the
cutting, coupled with raksha dhaga and anti-collision devices (ACDs) for
warning an approaching train.
(c) Konkan Railways is making extensive usage of the developments in IT to
modernize its working style and make its day-to-day operations more efficient.
KRCL’s gross revenue from traffic during the year 2003–04 was Rs 2350 million.
Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation Ltd
IRCTC is a new corporation under the Ministry of Railways. Some of the important
projects undertaken by the corporation are the following:
Catering services IRCTC has awarded 17 contracts for on-board catering services
in trains, taking the total number of trains covered to 71. These include 5 Rajdhani,
2 Shatabdi, 17 Jan Shatabdi, and 47 mail/express trains.
Internet ticketing system The facility of booking railway tickets through the
Internet has been extended to 120 cities across the country. Payment is accepted
through credit cards, debit cards, or direct debit to the account of the customer.
Packaged drinking water project The first Rail Neer plant of the corporation was
inaugurated in May 2003, and a second in February 2004. Good quality drinking
water is supplied to passengers and other rail users.
RailTel Corporation of India Ltd
RailTel is a public sector undertaking under the administrative control of the Ministry
of Railways. RailTel was incorporated in September 2000 with an authorized capital
of Rs 10,000 million. The main objectives of the company, inter alia, include building
a nationwide telecom multimedia network for laying optical fibre cables (OFCs)
with a view to modernize the Railways’ communication systems for safe and efficient
train operation and to generate revenue through the commercial use of the system.
Rail Vikas Nigam Ltd
Rail Vikas Nigam Limitd (RVNL) is a special purpose organization set up to execute
two vital components of National Rail Vikas Yojna launched by the Government
of India. Its main objectives are to undertake projects of development, financial
resource mobilization, and execution of projects on a commercial basis using largely
non–budgetary funds. These projects are expected to remove capacity bottlenecks
on the golden quadrilateral (railway line connecting Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and
Kolkata) and its diagonals and to augment port connectivity. RVNL is expected to
take up only bankable projects which can attract market funding without
Pipavan Railway Corporation Limited
Pipavan Railway Corporation Ltd (PRCL), a joint venture of the Ministry of
Railways and Gujarat Pipavan Port Limited (GPPL) with equal equity participation,
was formed to execute the Surendra Nagar–Rajula–Pipavan port gauge conversion/
new line project. This is the first railway infrastructure executed through private
sector participation. PRCL has the concessionary rights to construct, operate, and
maintain this project line for 33 years. It is entitled to the rights, obligations, and
duties of a railway administration as enumerated in the Railways Act 1989. This
project line was commissioned in March 2003 for freight operation. During the
year 2003–04, PRCL handled 266 trains, including 112 container trains, and
transported 0.4 million tonnes of cargo.
Centre for Railway Information Systems
Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS), which is an autonomous body
under the patronage of Ministry of Railways, was established as a non-profit-making
organization and entrusted with the design, development, and information of all
major computer services of the Railways. During the last few years CRIS has
made substantial progress in the freight operation information system (FOIS),
passenger reservation system (PRS), national train enquiry system (NTES),
microprocessor-based self-printing ticketing machines, and track management
Indian Railway Welfare Organisation
Indian Railway Welfare Organisation (IRWO) an autonomous body under the
patronage of Ministry of Railways, was registered on 25 September 1989 under
the Societies Registration Act for meeting the specific needs of housing for serving
and retired railway employees; its headquarters is at New Delhi. IRWO has been
constructing houses in different cities and towns all over the country on a selffinancing
basis for serving and retired railway employees purely as a welfare activity
on a ‘no-profit–no-loss’ basis.
In the last few years, IRWO has already acquired land in about 20 places and
has announced group housing schemes at Noida, Gurgaon, Gorakhpur, Kolkata,
Chennai, Indirapuram (Ghaziabad), Hyderabad, Chandigarh, and a few other places.
They have already completed housing projects at Noida, Gurgaon, Gorakhpur,
Hyderabad, Kolkata, Chandigarh, and Mumbai in record time and handed over the
flats to their owners.